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Month: September 2019

Understanding The Basics Of Heating And Cooling

Heating and cooling are the two basic concepts in physics. Whole physics revolve around these two factors and it is interesting to know that these two factors are complementary. When the temperature rises i.e. heat is more than we need some cooling effect and vice versa. But generally we do not take these two factors seriously; they are mostly taken for granted. We need heating systems in winters and cooling systems in summer, as it is not a natural process to get heat in winters and vice versa so we have to use various products that are available in the market.

For the use of any product we should be aware of the basics of working to avoid any failure in the future. Like every product has a different working principle same is with the Heating and Cooling products. As the cost of these products is a bit high, so if you know the basics than you can cut the service cost if there is not a major damage and can fix it yourself.

The basic function of Heating and Cooling system is as follows. All the climate control systems are generally made of three components: a source of air (warm/cold), a means that distribute the air into rooms and a controller that used to regulate the system known as thermostat is scientific language. If there is a problem in your system then any of these three components are not working properly.

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Like water flows from higher level to lower level, both Heating and Cooling work on the same principle that heat always flows from warm objects to cold one. Heaters put heat into the air to make the room warmer and coolers remove heat to cool the room. Cooling systems always use electricity and heaters can either use the electricity or burning of fuels and gases. The controller in summer extracts the heat from the air inside the room and in winter it extracts the heat from the outer air to heat the room.


You know that half of the energy of your home is used in heating and cooling products and they mostly affect your electricity bills. These products basically contains a filter that is used to purify the air and the regular use of these filters makes them dirty so proper cleaning of the filters at regular intervals are required especially when the use of the products are at the peak. You should also change these filters after a certain amount of time because filters also possess the expiry date.

You can also use a programmable thermostat that are useful to those who are mostly out of their house. In this thermostat or controller you can set a time period which can save your money and electrical energy. The ducts (both heating and cooling) that are used to the flow of air can be sealed. This is also an energy saver and money saver too because the air conditioner and heating pumps are mostly the energy wasters so by sealing the ducts will help in saving energy and efficiency will also get improved.

Creating a Disaster Supply Kit

A disaster supply kit is full of all the things you might need in the event of a storm doing enough damage that you lose your electricity supply or become isolated from the rest of the world.

When creating and maintaining a disaster supply kit, it’s important to make sure that everything that goes in the kit stays in it. Don’t be tempted to remove items from the kit for any reason—it’s far too easy to forget to replace them. (Of course, you can use your own discretion when deciding whether or not to buy items such as blankets, pillows, and clothing especially for the kit.)

What should you include?

  • Plenty of water—a good rule of thumb is one gallon per person per day, with at least three days’ worth for each person in the household.
  • Enough food for three to seven days. Include only non-perishable food such as canned or dehydrated items, and also add some plastic utensils and paper plates, as well as a can opener and cooking implements.
  • First aid kit
  • Toiletries and personal care items
  • Blankets and pillows
  • Clothing
  • Battery-operated flashlight and radio, and plenty of spare batteries
  • Books and toys for you and the kids
  • Important documents, including insurance policies, social security & bank account numbers, wedding and birth certificates. Keep these in a waterproof document sleeve.
  • Tools (battery or hand-operated)
  • Pet care items for any pets you own, including a leash and muzzle for dogs, and a cage or carrier for any small pets.

You may also want to have on hand items that you may need for emergency repairs if windows and other household fixtures are broken during a storm. Some items, such as prescription medication and documents, won’t be a part of your disaster supply kit at all times, but you can gather these items when you hear of a hurricane watch and add them to the kit. See Jacksonville FL

Store kit items in a safe and secure location, in water-tight boxes or bags, and make sure everyone in the family knows where your emergency supplies are located. Some items may need to be replaced periodically even if you don’t use the kit—this includes batteries, and may include first aid and food items.

What should you do when a Hurricane Watch is Issued?

If a hurricane watch has been issued for your area, your actions will depend on whether or not you need to evacuate your home. If you’re able to stay in your home, assemble your disaster supply kit and check for any items that need to be replaced. Stock up on any supplies you need, fill your car with gas, and grab some extra cash (in case ATMs and banks close). Carry out your pet plan, notify your contact person of the hurricane watch, and check up on your neighbors, too. If a hurricane does show up, gather your family in your home’s safe room, along with your disaster supply kit.

If you’ve been ordered to evacuate, or live in a vulnerable area, you’ll need to decide on a destination and inform family and friends (including your out-of-state contact) where you’re headed. Evacuate to the home of family members or friends in a safe area if possible, or try a motel or hotel in a safe location. Shelters will usually be a last resort, as these may be uncomfortable, and many don’t accept pets. One of the worst feelings for family and friends is not being able to reach you and know that you are alright. Decide on one out of state contact and let your family and friends know ahead of time who that is and how to reach them. Assemble your disaster supply kit, take care of your pets, grab extra cash, fill up your car’s tank, and secure your home. Before leaving, map out a route you’ll take to get to your destination—don’t get on the road until you know where you’re going and you have a safe route to get there. Be patient and leave as early as possible.

Prepare Your Business in the Event of a Hurricane

Practice Your Emergency Plans

You may have extensive hurricane preparedness plans in place; however, they mean nothing without practice. Create your emergency notification plan and then practice it – not once, but several times, so that it becomes second nature for employees to learn how to respond and use a notification system, and it becomes easier to evacuate the building or to take the steps necessary to secure data. In the event of a hurricane, you may have several days of warning before the disaster strikes, so it’s up to you, as a business leader, to take immediate action.

Testing your hurricane preparedness plans can be challenging logistically, but there are many ways to practice your strategies. You can perform a tabletop drill (there are companies, including Preparis, that provide strategic crisis management drills) of your emergency notification plan with your crisis team, which will allow members to perform virtual exercises of decisions you may have to make during a hurricane. This will allow you to see if your plans and protocols need improvement, and will enable you to practice the procedures that are imperative to company safety.

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Additionally, it is very important to have access to your hurricane preparedness plans at any time. Many companies create these plans and leave them in binders at the office, which are ultimately useless during the event of an evacuation or when personnel are located elsewhere. Try to put your emergency notification plan online or anywhere that can be accessed through a document management system, or, more importantly, a mobile device, as you may have to evacuate from home and you’ll need to follow the steps of the plan without a computer nearby. Being able to access your hurricane contingency plans, data and emergency contact lists is very important.

If you’re considering buying a home that lies in a hurricane zone, be sure to ask your realtor if the structure is Miami-Dade building code compliant.  If you already live in one of these areas, and you’re preparing to remodel or perhaps build a new home, consult with your contractor about the building codes, and be sure that he or she is prepared to build.  Hurricane force winds will quickly damage property and take lives. The best way to protect yourself and your family is to heed warnings, but also ensure that your home is well built and that your have functional exterior shutters in compliance standards.